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Staff Listing - Strategy, Operations, and Finance - Performance

Bruce Schulte, Ph.D.
Bruce Schulte, Ph.D.
- AVP for Strategy, Performance and Accountability

Doctorate of Philosophy in Biology (1993).  State University of New York, College of Environmental Science and Forestry, Syracuse, NY.

Master of Science in Biology. University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA.

Bachelor of Science in Biology.  College of William and Mary, Williamsburg, VA.

Recent Publications

Von Hagen RL, Corde SC, Norris P, Kasaine S, Githiru M, Amakobe BA, Mutwiwa UN, Schulte BA. 2023. Chemical communication & elephant conservation: Chili pepper fences & other chemo-approaches. In: Chemical Signals in Vertebrates, Vol. 15. (Schaal B et al., eds.), at press.

Corde SC, Von Hagen RL, Kasaine S, Mutwiwa UN, Amakobe B, Githiru M, Schulte BA. 2023. Lunar phase as a dynamic landscape of fear factor affecting elephant crop raiding potential. Ethology, Ecology & Evolution, at press.

Von Hagen RL, Schulte BA, Dunning D, Steury TD, Githiru M, Zohdy S, Lepczyk CA. 2023. Farmer attitudes on climate change, farming practices, and livelihood threats, and the impact to conservation in the Kasigau Wildlife Corridor, Kenya. Human Ecology, https://doi.org/10.1007/s10745-023-00426-9.

Von Hagen L, LaDue CA, Schulte BA. 2023. Elephant scar prevalence in the Kasigau Wildlife Corridor, Kenya: Echoes of human-elephant conflict. Animals, 13, 605, htttps://doi.org/10.3390/ ani13040605.

von Dürckheim KEM, Hoffman LC, Poblete-Echeverria C, Bishop JM, Goodwin TE, Schulte BA, Leslie A. 2022. A pachyderm perfume: odour encodes identity and group membership in African elephants. Scientific reports, 12:16768, https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-022-20920-2.

Schulte BA, LaDue CA. 2021. The chemical ecology of elephants: 21st century additions to our understanding and future outlooks. Animals, open access, https://doi.org/10.3390/ani11102860.

LaDue CA, Schulte BA, Kiso WK, Freeman EW. 2021. Musth and sexual selection in elephants: a review of signaling properties and potential fitness consequences. Behaviour, open access, DOI:10.1163/1568539X-bja10120.

LaDue CA, Schulte BA. 2021. Pheromonal enrichment in the zoo: An empirical approach with Asian elephants (Elephas maximus). Applied Animal Behaviour Science, 235, (article 105228). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.applanim.2021.105228.

Chock RY, Clucas B, Peterson EK, Blackwell BF, Blumstein DT, Church K, Fernández-Juricic E, Francescoli G, Greggor A, Kemp P, Pinho G, Sanzenbacher PM, Schulte, BA, Toni, P. 2021. Evaluating potential effects of solar power facilities on wildlife from an animal behavior perspective. Conservation Science and Practice, 3, e19. https://doi.org/10.1111/csp2.319.

Von Hagen RL, Kasaine S, Githiru M, Amakobe B, Multiway UN, Schulte BA. 2021. Metal strip fences for preventing African elephant (Loxodonta africana) crop foraging in the Kasigau Wildlife Corridor, Kenya. African Journal of Ecology, 59, 293-298.

Von Hagen RL, Norris P, Schulte BA. 2020. Quantifying capsaicinoids from chili pepper and motor oil mixtures used in elephant deterrent fences. Chromatographia, 83, 1153-1157. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10337-020-03934-8.

Bechert US, Brown JL, Dierenfeld ES, Ling PD, Molter CM & Schulte BA. 2019. Zoo elephant research: contributions to conservation of captive and free-ranging species. International Zoo Yearbook 53. DOI: 10.1111/izy.12211.

LaDue CA, Goodwin TE, Schulte BA. 2018. Concentration-dependent chemosensory responses towards pheromones are influenced by receiver attributes in Asian elephants. Ethology, 124, 387-399.

Hacker CE, Miller LJ, Schulte BA. 2018. Examination of enrichment using space and food for African elephants at the San Diego Zoo Safari Park. Animal Welfare, 27, 55-65.

Githiru M, Mutwiwa U, Kasaine S, Schulte B. 2017. A spanner in the works: Human-elephant conflict complicates the energy-food-water nexus in drylands of Africa. Frontiers in Environmental Science, 5, 69, doi: 10.3389/fenvs.2017.00069.

Edge A, Henley M, Daday J, Schulte BA. 2017. Examining human perception of elephants and large trees for insights into conservation of an African savanna ecosystem. Human Dimensions of Wildlife, 22 (3), 231–245. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10871209.2017.1298168.

Youldon DA, Abell J, Briffitt JS, Chama L, Channings MD, Kilundo AS, Larson CK, Sakal D, Schulte BA. 2017. Patch - occupancy survey of elephant (Loxodonta africana) surrounding Livingstone, Zambia. Koedoe, 59(1), a1372. https://doi.org/10.4102/koedoe.v59i1.1372.

Hazelkorn RA, Schulte BA, Cox TM. 2016. Persistent effects of begging on common bottlenose dolphin Tursiops truncatus behavior in an estuarine population. Aquatic Mammals, 42, 531-541.

Derham KS, Henley MD, Schulte BA. 2016. Wire netting reduces African elephant (Loxodonta africana) impact to selected trees in South Africa. Koedoe, 58(1), (7pp), https://doi.org/10.4102/koedoe.v58i1.1351.

Peterson EK, Schulte BA. 2016. Impacts of pollutants on beavers and otters with implications for ecosystem ramifications. Journal of Contemporary Water Research and Education, 157, 33-45.

Schulte BA. 2016. Learning and applications of chemical signals in vertebrates for human-wildlife conflict mitigation. In: Chemical Signals in Vertebrates 13 (BA Schulte, TE Goodwin & MH Ferkin, eds), pp. 499-510, Springer, New York.

Rasmussen LEL, Greenwood DR, Goodwin TE, Schulte BA. 2016. Asian elephant reflections: chirality counts. In: Chemical Signals in Vertebrates 13 (BA Schulte, T& MH Ferkin, eds), pp. 229-246, Springer, New York.

Goodwin TE, Harelimana H, MacDonald LJ, Mark DB, Juru AU, Yin Q, Engman JA, Kopper RA, Lichti CF, Mackintosh SG, Shoemaker JD, Sutherland MV, Tackett AJ, Schulte BA. 2016. The role of bacteria in chemical signals of elephant musth: proximate causes and biochemical pathways. In: Chemical Signals in Vertebrates 13 (BA Schulte, TE Goodwin & MH

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 Last Modified 1/10/24