The ability to detect relationships between everyday events is a central aspect of human cognition. Are accidents more likely on this highway? Does this grocery store typically have the best prices? Is this person trustworthy? To answer questions such as these, individuals must acquire, either through direct or indirect experience, knowledge of the contingency and causal relations between two classes of events. For several years now, research in the Cognition Laboratory has focused on how age-related changes in basic learning and memory processes affect the acquisition and retrieval of contingency and causal knowledge. We are especially interested in determining when these changes do and do not impair older adults’ ability to judge probable cause and make accurate cue – outcome predictions.Until recently, research in the Cognition Lab has employed behavioral techniques to study age differences in contingency and causal learning; however, we are now beginning to explore how these differences are related to changes in the brain. In addition to increasing our understanding of the neural mechanisms that underlie this important form of human cognition, this new research direction will give students the opportunity to study the neuroscience of aging.