Active Shooter Emergency Procedures
An Active Shooter is an individual actively engaged in killing or attempting to kill people in a confined and populated area; in most cases, active shooters use firearms(s) and there is no pattern or method to their selection of victims. Active shooter situations are unpredictable and evolve quickly. Typically, the immediate deployment of law enforcement is required to stop the shooting and mitigate harm to victims.
Because active shooter situations are often over within 10 to 15 minutes, before law enforcement arrives on the scene, individuals must be prepared both mentally and physically to deal with an active shooter situation.
A training video is available for WKU Faculty, staff and students on the WKU Police Department Website. An Active Shooter Response Guide is available WKU PD Active Shooter Guide. Request Violence Prevention and Response training for your group or organization here.
Good practices for coping with an active shooter situation:
HOW TO RESPOND WHEN AN ACTIVE SHOOTER IS IN YOUR VICINITY
Quickly determine the most reasonable way to protect your own life. Remember that students and visitors are likely to follow the lead of employees and managers during an active shooter situation.
If the active shooter is nearby:
If evacuation and hiding out are not possible:
HOW TO RESPOND WHEN LAW ENFORCEMENT ARRIVES
Law enforcement’s purpose is to stop the active shooter as soon as possible. Officers will proceed directly to the area in which the last shots were heard.
How to react when law enforcement arrives:
Information to provide to law enforcement or 911 operator:
Notes: The first officers to arrive to the scene will not stop to help injured persons. Expect rescue teams comprised of additional officers and emergency medical personnel to follow the initial officers. These rescue teams will treat and remove any injured persons. They may also call upon able-bodied individuals to assist in removing the wounded from the premises.
Once you have reached a safe location or an assembly point, you will likely be held in that area by law enforcement until the situation is under control, and all witnesses have been identified and questioned. Do not leave until law enforcement authorities have instructed you to do so.
Online FEMA Courses:
- These are free online courses you can take and receive a FEMA Certificate on completion. Each course will take you from 30 minutes to an hour.
- You must first apply for a FEMA online study course:
The Department of Homeland Security has developed a series of materials to assist businesses, government offices, schools, and communities in preparing for and responding to an active shooter incident. These resources include a detailed booklet, a desk reference guide, a reference poster, and a pocket-size reference card translated into nine different languages: Arabic, Chinese, English, Korean, Punjabi, Russian, Somali, Spanish, and Urdu. https://www.dhs.gov/active-shooter-resources-translated