Skip to main content
Western Kentucky University

Psychological Sciences

Stimulus objectsPublications sorted by topic

note: Clicking on a doi (digital object identifier) link will take you to the Publisher's Website so that you can view an article's abstract and/or download the article.

3-D Shape Perception (45)

45) Crabtree, C. E., & Norman, J. F. (2014). Short-term visual deprivation, tactile acuity, and haptic solid shape discrimination. PLOS ONE, 9(11): e112828. [pdf of this article] doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0112828

44) Norman, J.F., Cheeseman, J. R., Pyles, J., Baxter, M. W., Thomason, K. E., & Calloway, A. B. (2013). The effect of age upon the perception of 3-D shape from motion. Vision Research, 93, 54-61. doi: 10.1016/j.visres.2013.10.012

43) Norman, J. F., Kappers, A. M. L., Cheeseman, J. R., Ronning, C., Thomason, K. E., Baxter, M. W., Calloway, A. B., & Lamirande, D. N. (2013). Aging and curvature discrimination from static and dynamic touch. PLOS ONE, 8(7): e68577, 1-6. [pdf of this article] doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0068577

42) Norman, J. F., Phillips, F., Holmin, J. S., Norman, H. F., Beers, A. M., Boswell, A. M., Cheeseman, J. R., Stethen, A. G., & Ronning, C. (2012). Solid shape discrimination from vision and haptics: Natural objects (Capsicum annuum) and Gibson's "feelies". Experimental Brain Research, 222, 321-332. doi: 10.1007/s00221-012-3220-7

41) Norman, J. F., Holmin, J. S., Beers, A. M., Cheeseman, J. R., Ronning, C., Stethen, A. G., & Frost, A. L. (2012). Aging and the discrimination of 3-D shape from motion and binocular disparity. Attention, Perception, & Psychophysics, 74, 1512-1521. doi: 10.3758/s13414-012-0340-x

40) Norman, J. F., Kappers, A. M. L., Beers, A. M., Scott, A. K., Norman, H. F., & Koenderink, J. J. (2011). Aging and the haptic perception of 3D surface shape. Attention, Perception, & Psychophysics, 73, 908-918. [pdf of this article] doi: 10.3758/s13414-010-0053-y

39) Lappin, J. S., Norman, J. F., & Phillips, F. (2011). Fechner, information, and shape perception. Attention, Perception, & Psychophysics, 73, 2353-2378. doi: 10.3758/s13414-011-0197-4

38) Norman, J. F., & Bartholomew, A. N. (2011). Blindness enhances tactile acuity and haptic 3-D shape discrimination. Attention, Perception, & Psychophysics, 73, 2323-2331. doi: 10.3758/s13414-011-0160-4

37) Norman, J. F., Beers, A. M., Holmin, J. S., & Boswell, A. M. (2010). Effective 3-D shape discrimination survives retinal blur. Attention, Perception, & Psychophysics, 72, 1569-1575. [pdf of this article] doi: 10.3758/APP.72.6.1569

36) Durand, J-B., Peeters, R., Norman, J. F., Todd, J. T., & Orban, G. A. (2009). Parietal regions processing visual 3D shape extracted from disparity. NeuroImage, 46, 1114-1126. doi:10.1016/j.neuroimage.2009.03.023

35) Norman, J. F., Swindle, J. M., Jennings, L. R., Mullins, E. M., & Beers, A. M. (2009). Stereoscopic shape discrimination is well preserved across changes in object size. Acta Psychologica, 131, 129-135. doi:10.1016/j.actpsy.2009.03.009

34) Norman, J. F., Lee, Y., Phillips, F., Norman, H. F., Jennings, L. R., & McBride, T. R. (2009). The perception of 3-D shape from shadows cast onto curved surfaces. Acta Psychologica, 131, 1-11. doi:10.1016/j.actpsy.2009.01.007

33) Norman, J. F., Bartholomew, A. N., & Burton, C. L. (2008). Aging preserves the ability to perceive 3-D object shape from static but not deforming boundary contours. Acta Psychologica, 129, 198-207. doi:10.1016/j.actpsy.2008.06.002

32) Lee, Y., Crabtree, C. E., Norman, J. F., & Bingham, G. P. (2008). Poor shape perception is the reason reaches-to-grasp are visually guided online. Perception & Psychophysics, 70, 1032-1046. doi: 10.3758/PP.70.6.1032

31) Norman, J. F., Clayton, A. M., Norman, H. F., & Crabtree, C. E. (2008). Learning to perceive differences in solid shape through vision and touch. Perception, 37, 185-196. doi:10.1068/p5679

30) Durand, J-B., Nelissen, K., Joly, O., Wardak, C., Todd, J. T., Norman, J. F., Janssen, P., Vanduffel, W., & Orban, G. A. (2007). Anterior regions of monkey parietal cortex process visual 3D shape. Neuron, 55, 493-505. doi:10.1016/j.neuron.2007.06.040

29) Norman, J. F., & Wiesemann, E. Y. (2007). Aging and the perception of local surface orientation from optical patterns of shading and specular highlights. Perception & Psychophysics, 69, 23-31. [pdf of this article] doi: 10.3758/BF03194450

28) Norman, J. F., Crabtree, C. E., Norman, H. F., Moncrief, B. K., Herrmann, M., & Kapley, N. (2006). Aging and the visual, haptic, and cross-modal perception of natural object shape. Perception, 35, 1383-1395. Posted by permission of Pion Limited, London. [pdf of this article] doi:10.1068/p5504

27) Norman, J. F., Crabtree, C. E., Herrmann, M., Thompson, S. R., Shular, C. F., & Clayton, A. M. (2006). Aging and the perception of 3-D shape from dynamic patterns of binocular disparity. Perception & Psychophysics, 68, 94-101. [pdf of this article] doi: 10.3758/BF03193659

26) Norman, J. F., Todd, J. T., Norman, H. F., Clayton, A. M., & McBride, T. R. (2006). Visual discrimination of local surface structure: Slant, tilt, and curvedness. Vision Research, 46, 1057-1069. doi:10.1016/j.visres.2005.09.034

25) Norman, J. F., Clayton, A. M., Shular, C. F., & Thompson, S. R. (2004). Aging and the Perception of Depth and 3-D Shape from Motion Parallax. Psychology and Aging, 19, 506–514. doi: 10.1037/0882-7974.19.3.506

24) Norman, J. F., Todd, J. T., & Orban, G. A. (2004). Perception of three-dimensional shape from specular highlights, deformations of shading, and other types of visual information. Psychological Science, 15, 565-570. doi: 10.1111/j.0956-7976.2004.00720.x

23) Peuskens, H., Claeys, K. G., Todd, J. T., Norman, J. F., Van Hecke, P, & Orban, G. A. (2004). Attention to 3-D shape, 3-D motion, and texture in 3-D structure from motion displays. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 16, 665-682. doi: 10.1162/089892904323057371

22) Norman, J. F., Norman, H. F., Clayton, A. M., Lianekhammy, J., & Zielke, G. (2004). The visual and haptic perception of natural object shape. Perception & Psychophysics, 66, 342–351. [pdf of this article] doi: 10.3758/BF03194883

21) Todd, J. T., & Norman, J. F. (2003). The visual perception of 3-D shape from multiple cues: Are observers capable of perceiving metric structure? Perception & Psychophysics, 65, 31-47. doi: 10.3758/BF03194781

20) Norman, J. F., & Raines, S. R. (2002). The perception and discrimination of local 3-D surface structure from deforming and disparate boundary contours. Perception & Psychophysics, 64, 1145-1159. doi: 10.3758/BF03194763

19) Norman, J. F., Phillips, F., & Ross, H. E. (2001). Information concentration along the boundary contours of naturally shaped solid objects. Perception, 30, 1285-1294. Posted by permission of Pion Limited, London. [pdf of this article] doi:10.1068/p3272

18) Norman, J. F., Dawson, T. E., & Butler, A. K. (2000). The effects of age upon the perception of depth and 3-D shape from differential motion and binocular disparity. Perception, 29, 1335-1359. Posted by permission of Pion Limited, London. [pdf of this article] doi:10.1068/p3111

17) Norman, J. F., Dawson, T. E., & Raines, S. R. (2000). The perception and recognition of natural object shape from deforming and static shadows. Perception, 29, 135-148. Posted by permission of Pion Limited, London. [pdf of this article] doi:10.1068/p2994

16) Norman, J. F., & Todd, J. T. (1998). Stereoscopic discrimination of interval and ordinal depth relations on smooth surfaces and in empty space. Perception, 27, 257-272. doi:10.1068/p270257

15) Todd, J. T., Chen, L., & Norman, J. F. (1998). On the relative salience of euclidean, affine, and topological structure for 3-D form discrimination. Perception, 27, 273-282. doi:10.1068/p270273

14) Tittle, J. S., Norman, J. F., Perotti, V. J., & Phillips, F. (1998). The perception of scale-dependent and scale-independent surface structure from binocular disparity, texture, and shading. Perception, 27, 147-166. doi:10.1068/p270147

13) Todd, J. T., Norman, J. F., Koenderink, J. J., & Kappers, A. M. L. (1997). Effects of texture, illumination, and surface reflectance on stereoscopic shape perception. Perception, 26, 807-822. doi:10.1068/p260807

12) Tittle, J. S., Perotti, V. J., & Norman, J. F. (1997). Integration of binocular stereopsis and structure from motion in the discrimination of noisy surfaces. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 23, 1035-1049. doi: 10.1037/0096-1523.23.4.1035

11) Norman, J. F., & Todd, J. T. (1996). The discriminability of local surface structure. Perception, 25, 381-398. doi:10.1068/p250381

10) Koenderink, J. J., Kappers, A. M. L., Todd, J. T., Norman, J. F., & Phillips, F. (1996). Surface range and attitude probing in stereoscopically presented dynamic scenes. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 22, 869-878. doi: 10.1037/0096-1523.22.4.869

9) Norman, J. F., Todd, J. T., & Phillips, F. (1995). The perception of surface orientation from multiple sources of optical information. Perception & Psychophysics, 57, 629-636. [pdf of this article] doi: 10.3758/BF03213268

8) Norman, J. F., & Todd, J. T. (1995).  The perception of 3-D structure from contradictory optical patterns. Perception & Psychophysics, 57, 826-834. [pdf of this article] doi: 10.3758/BF03206798

7) Todd, J. T., & Norman, J. F. (1995).  The visual discrimination of relative surface orientation. Perception, 24, 855-866. doi:10.1068/p240855

6) Tittle, J. S., Todd, J. T., Perotti, V. J., & Norman, J. F. (1995).  Systematic distortion of perceived three-dimensional structure from motion and binocular stereopsis. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 21, 663-678. doi: 10.1037/0096-1523.21.3.663

5) Todd, J. T., Tittle, J. S., & Norman, J. F. (1995).  Distortions of three-dimensional space in the perceptual analysis of motion and stereo. Perception, 24, 75-86. doi:10.1068/p240075

4) Norman, J. F., & Lappin, J. S. (1992).  The detection of surface curvatures defined by optical motion. Perception & Psychophysics, 51, 386-396. [pdf of this article] doi: 10.3758/BF03211632

3) Norman, J. F., & Todd, J. T. (1992).  The visual perception of 3-dimensional form.  In G.A. Carpenter and S. Grossberg (Eds.). Neural networks for vision and image processing (pp. 93-110).  Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. [pdf of this article]

2) Norman, J. F., Lappin, J. S., & Zucker, S. W. (1991).   The discriminability of smooth stereoscopic surfaces. Perception, 20, 789-807. doi:10.1068/p200789

1) Todd, J. T., & Norman, J. F. (1991).  The visual perception of smoothly curved surfaces from minimal apparent motion sequences. Perception & Psychophysics, 50, 509-523. doi: 10.3758/BF03207535

Aesthetics (2)

2) Phillips, F., Norman, J. F., & Beers, A. M. (2011). Fechner's aesthetics revisited. In J. A. Solomon (Ed.). Fechner’s Legacy in Psychology: 150 Years of Elementary Psychophysics (pp. 183 - 191). Leiden, The Netherlands: Brill.

1) Phillips, F., Norman, J. F., & Beers, A. M. (2010). Fechner's aesthetics revisited. Seeing and Perceiving, 23, 263-271. [pdf of this article] doi: 10.1163/187847510X516412

Aging and its effects upon perception (21)

21) Norman, J. F., Cheeseman, J. R., Baxter, M. W., Thomason, K. E., Adkins, O. C., & Rogers, C. E. (2014). Aging and visual length discrimination: Sequential dependencies, biases, and the effects of multiple implicit standards. Vision Research98, 89-98. doi: 10.1016/j.visres.2014.03.011

20) Norman, J.F., Cheeseman, J. R., Pyles, J., Baxter, M. W., Thomason, K. E., & Calloway, A. B. (2013). The effect of age upon the perception of 3-D shape from motion. Vision Research, 93, 54-61. doi: 10.1016/j.visres.2013.10.012

19) Norman, J. F., Kappers, A. M. L., Cheeseman, J. R., Ronning, C., Thomason, K. E., Baxter, M. W., Calloway, A. B., & Lamirande, D. N. (2013). Aging and curvature discrimination from static and dynamic touch. PLOS ONE, 8(7): e68577, 1-6. [pdf of this article] doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0068577

18) Mienaltowski, A., Johnson, E. R., Wittman, R., Wilson, A.-T., Sturycz, C., & Norman, J. F. (2013). The visual discrimination of negative facial expressions by younger and older adults. Vision Research, 81, 12-17. doi: 10.1016/j.visres.2013.01.006

17) Holmin, J. S., & Norman, J. F. (2012). Aging and weight-ratio perception. PLOS ONE, 7(10): e47701, 1-5. [pdf of this article] doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0047701

16) Norman, J. F., Holmin, J. S., Beers, A. M., Cheeseman, J. R., Ronning, C., Stethen, A. G., & Frost, A. L. (2012). Aging and the discrimination of 3-D shape from motion and binocular disparity. Attention, Perception, & Psychophysics, 74, 1512-1521. doi: 10.3758/s13414-012-0340-x

15) Norman, J. F., Holmin, J. S., & Bartholomew, A. N. (2011). Visual memories for perceived length are well preserved in older adults. Vision Research, 51, 2057-2062. doi: 10.1016/j.visres.2011.07.022

14) Norman, J. F., Kappers, A. M. L., Beers, A. M., Scott, A. K., Norman, H. F., & Koenderink, J. J. (2011). Aging and the haptic perception of 3D surface shape. Attention, Perception, & Psychophysics, 73, 908-918. [pdf of this article] doi: 10.3758/s13414-010-0053-y

13) Norman, J. F., Burton, C. L., & Best, L. A. (2010). Modulatory effects of binocular disparity and aging upon the perception of speed. Vision Research, 50, 65-71. doi:10.1016/j.visres.2009.10.009

12) Norman, J. F., Norman, H. F., Swindle, J. M., Jennings, L. R., & Bartholomew, A. N. (2009). Aging and the discrimination of object weight. Perception, 38, 1347-1354. doi:10.1068/p6367

11) Norman, J. F., Crabtree, C. E., Bartholomew, A. N., & Ferrell, E. L. (2009). Aging and the perception of slant from optical texture, motion parallax, and binocular disparity. Attention, Perception, & Psychophysics, 71, 116-130. [pdf of this article] doi: 10.3758/APP.71.1.116

10) Norman, J. F., Norman, H. F., Craft, A. E., Walton, C. L., Bartholomew, A. N., Burton, C. L., Wiesemann, E. Y., & Crabtree, C. E. (2008). Stereopsis and aging. Vision Research, 48, 2456-2465. doi:10.1016/j.visres.2008.08.008

9) Norman, J. F., Bartholomew, A. N., & Burton, C. L. (2008). Aging preserves the ability to perceive 3-D object shape from static but not deforming boundary contours. Acta Psychologica, 129, 198-207. doi:10.1016/j.actpsy.2008.06.002

8) Norman, J. F., Norman, H. F., Pattison, K., Taylor, M. J., & Goforth, K. E. (2007). Aging and the depth of binocular rivalry suppression. Psychology and Aging, 22, 625-631. doi: 10.1037/0882-7974.22.3.625

7) Norman, J. F., & Wiesemann, E. Y. (2007). Aging and the perception of local surface orientation from optical patterns of shading and specular highlights. Perception & Psychophysics, 69, 23-31. [pdf of this article] doi: 10.3758/BF03194450

6) Norman, J. F., Crabtree, C. E., Norman, H. F., Moncrief, B. K., Herrmann, M., & Kapley, N. (2006). Aging and the visual, haptic, and cross-modal perception of natural object shape. Perception, 35, 1383-1395. Posted by permission of Pion Limited, London. [pdf of this article] doi:10.1068/p5504

5) Norman, J. F., Crabtree, C. E., Herrmann, M., Thompson, S. R., Shular, C. F., & Clayton, A. M. (2006). Aging and the perception of 3-D shape from dynamic patterns of binocular disparity. Perception & Psychophysics, 68, 94-101. [pdf of this article] doi: 10.3758/BF03193659

4) Norman, J. F., Clayton, A. M., Shular, C. F., & Thompson, S. R. (2004). Aging and the Perception of Depth and 3-D Shape from Motion Parallax. Psychology and Aging, 19, 506–514. doi: 10.1037/0882-7974.19.3.506

3) Norman, J. F., Payton, S. M., Long, J. R., & Hawkes, L. M. (2004). Aging and the perception of biological motion. Psychology and Aging, 19, 219-225. doi: 10.1037/0882-7974.19.1.219

2) Norman, J. F., Ross, H. E., Hawkes, L. M., & Long, J. R. (2003). Aging and the perception of speed. Perception, 32, 85-96. Posted by permission of Pion Limited, London. [pdf of this article] doi:10.1068/p3478

1) Norman, J. F., Dawson, T. E., & Butler, A. K. (2000). The effects of age upon the perception of depth and 3-D shape from differential motion and binocular disparity. Perception, 29, 1335-1359. Posted by permission of Pion Limited, London. [pdf of this article] doi:10.1068/p3111

Binocular Rivalry (2)

2) Norman, J. F., Norman, H. F., Pattison, K., Taylor, M. J., & Goforth, K. E. (2007). Aging and the depth of binocular rivalry suppression. Psychology and Aging, 22, 625-631. doi: 10.1037/0882-7974.22.3.625

1) Norman, H. F., Norman, J. F., & Bilotta, J. (2000). The temporal course of suppression during binocular rivalry. Perception, 29, 831-841. Posted by permission of Pion Limited, London. [pdf of this article] doi:10.1068/p3085

Biological Motion (1)

1) Norman, J. F., Payton, S. M., Long, J. R., & Hawkes, L. M. (2004). Aging and the perception of biological motion. Psychology and Aging, 19, 219-225. doi: 10.1037/0882-7974.19.1.219

Blindness (1)

1) Norman, J. F., & Bartholomew, A. N. (2011). Blindness enhances tactile acuity and haptic 3-D shape discrimination. Attention, Perception, & Psychophysics, 73, 2323-2331. doi: 10.3758/s13414-011-0160-4

Boundary Contours & Shadows (6)

6) Norman, J. F., Lee, Y., Phillips, F., Norman, H. F., Jennings, L. R., & McBride, T. R. (2009). The perception of 3-D shape from shadows cast onto curved surfaces. Acta Psychologica, 131, 1-11. doi:10.1016/j.actpsy.2009.01.007

5) Norman, J. F., Bartholomew, A. N., & Burton, C. L. (2008). Aging preserves the ability to perceive 3-D object shape from static but not deforming boundary contours. Acta Psychologica, 129, 198-207. doi:10.1016/j.actpsy.2008.06.002

4) Norman, J. F., & Raines, S. R. (2002). The perception and discrimination of local 3-D surface structure from deforming and disparate boundary contours. Perception & Psychophysics, 64, 1145-1159. [pdf of this article] doi: 10.3758/BF03194763

3) Norman, J. F., Phillips, F., & Ross, H. E. (2001). Information concentration along the boundary contours of naturally shaped solid objects. Perception, 30, 1285-1294. Posted by permission of Pion Limited, London. [pdf of this article] doi:10.1068/p3272

2) Norman, J. F., Dawson, T. E., & Raines, S. R. (2000). The perception and recognition of natural object shape from deforming and static shadows. Perception, 29, 135-148. Posted by permission of Pion Limited, London. [pdf of this article] doi:10.1068/p2994

1) Norman, J. F., & Todd, J. T. (1994).  Perception of rigid motion in depth from the optical deformations of shadows and occlusion boundaries.  Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 20, 343-356. doi: 10.1037/0096-1523.20.2.343

Facial Emotion Discrimination (1)

1) Mienaltowski, A., Johnson, E. R., Wittman, R., Wilson, A.-T., Sturycz, C., & Norman, J. F. (2013). The visual discrimination of negative facial expressions by younger and older adults. Vision Research, 81, 12-17. doi: 10.1016/j.visres.2013.01.006

Haptics/Sense of Touch (8)

8) Crabtree, C. E., & Norman, J. F. (2014). Short-term visual deprivation, tactile acuity, and haptic solid shape discrimination. PLOS ONE, 9(11): e112828. [pdf of this article] doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0112828

7) Norman, J. F., Kappers, A. M. L., Cheeseman, J. R., Ronning, C., Thomason, K. E., Baxter, M. W., Calloway, A. B., & Lamirande, D. N. (2013). Aging and curvature discrimination from static and dynamic touch. PLOS ONE, 8(7): e68577, 1-6. [pdf of this article] doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0068577

6) Norman, J. F., Phillips, F., Holmin, J. S., Norman, H. F., Beers, A. M., Boswell, A. M., Cheeseman, J. R., Stethen, A. G., & Ronning, C. (2012). Solid shape discrimination from vision and haptics: Natural objects (Capsicum annuum) and Gibson's "feelies". Experimental Brain Research, 222, 321-332. doi: 10.1007/s00221-012-3220-7

5) Norman, J. F., & Bartholomew, A. N. (2011). Blindness enhances tactile acuity and haptic 3-D shape discrimination. Attention, Perception, & Psychophysics, 73, 2323-2331. doi: 10.3758/s13414-011-0160-4

4) Norman, J. F., Kappers, A. M. L., Beers, A. M., Scott, A. K., Norman, H. F., & Koenderink, J. J. (2011). Aging and the haptic perception of 3D surface shape. Attention, Perception, & Psychophysics, 73, 908-918. [pdf of this article] doi: 10.3758/s13414-010-0053-y

3) Norman, J. F., Clayton, A. M., Norman, H. F., & Crabtree, C. E. (2008). Learning to perceive differences in solid shape through vision and touch. Perception, 37, 185-196. doi:10.1068/p5679

2) Norman, J. F., Crabtree, C. E., Norman, H. F., Moncrief, B. K., Herrmann, M., & Kapley, N. (2006). Aging and the visual, haptic, and cross-modal perception of natural object shape. Perception, 35, 1383-1395. Posted by permission of Pion Limited, London. [pdf of this article] doi:10.1068/p5504

1) Norman, J. F., Norman, H. F., Clayton, A. M., Lianekhammy, J., & Zielke, G. (2004). The visual and haptic perception of natural object shape. Perception & Psychophysics, 66, 342–351. [pdf of this article] doi: 10.3758/BF03194883

Lightness Perception (2)

2) Todd, J. T., Norman, J. F., & Mingolla, E. (2004). Lightness constancy in the presence of specular highlights. Psychological Science, 15, 33-39. doi: 10.1111/j.0963-7214.2004.01501006.x

1) Mingolla, E., Todd, J. T., & Norman, J. F. (2001).  Perception of lightness of glossy surfaces.  In B. E. Rogowitz and T. N. Pappas (Eds.). Human Vision and Electronic Imaging VI (pp. 302-311). Bellingham, Washington: SPIE Press.

Motion Perception (7)

7) Norman, J. F., Burton, C. L., & Best, L. A. (2010). Modulatory effects of binocular disparity and aging upon the perception of speed. Vision Research, 50, 65-71. doi:10.1016/j.visres.2009.10.009

6) Norman, J. F., Pattison, K. F., Norman, H. F., Craft, A. E., Wiesemann, E. Y., & Taylor, M. J. (2008). The role of explicit and implicit standards in visual speed discrimination. Perception, 37, 889-901. doi:10.1068/p5888

5) Norman, J. F., Ross, H. E., Hawkes, L. M., & Long, J. R. (2003). Aging and the perception of speed. Perception, 32, 85-96. Posted by permission of Pion Limited, London. [pdf of this article] doi:10.1068/p3478

4) Norman, H. F., Norman, J. F., Todd, J. T., & Lindsey, D. T. (1996). Spatial interactions in perceived speed. Perception, 25, 815-830. doi:10.1068/p250815

3) Todd, J. T., & Norman, J. F. (1995).  The effects of spatiotemporal integration on maximum displacement thresholds for the detection of coherent motion.  Vision Research, 35, 2287-2302. doi:10.1016/0042-6989(94)00312-A

2) Mingolla, E., Todd, J. T., & Norman, J. F. (1992).  The perception of globally coherent motion.  Vision Research, 32, 1015-1031. doi:10.1016/0042-6989(92)90003-2

1) Lappin, J. S., Norman, J. F., & Mowafy, L. (1991).  The detectability of geometric structure in rapidly changing optical patterns.  Perception, 20, 513-528. doi:10.1068/p200513

Neuroscience (3)

3) Durand, J-B., Peeters, R., Norman, J. F., Todd, J. T., & Orban, G. A. (2009). Parietal regions processing visual 3D shape extracted from disparity. NeuroImage, 46, 1114-1126. doi:10.1016/j.neuroimage.2009.03.023

2) Durand, J-B., Nelissen, K., Joly, O., Wardak, C., Todd, J. T., Norman, J. F., Janssen, P., Vanduffel, W., & Orban, G. A. (2007). Anterior regions of monkey parietal cortex process visual 3D shape. Neuron, 55, 493-505. doi:10.1016/j.neuron.2007.06.040

1) Peuskens, H., Claeys, K. G., Todd, J. T., Norman, J. F., Van Hecke, P, & Orban, G. A. (2004). Attention to 3-D shape, 3-D motion, and texture in 3-D structure from motion displays. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 16, 665-682. doi: 10.1162/089892904323057371

Perceived 3-D Shape/Structure from Motion (29)

29) Norman, J.F., Cheeseman, J. R., Pyles, J., Baxter, M. W., Thomason, K. E., & Calloway, A. B. (2013). The effect of age upon the perception of 3-D shape from motion. Vision Research, 93, 54-61. doi: 10.1016/j.visres.2013.10.012

28) Norman, J. F., Phillips, F., Holmin, J. S., Norman, H. F., Beers, A. M., Boswell, A. M., Cheeseman, J. R., Stethen, A. G., & Ronning, C. (2012). Solid shape discrimination from vision and haptics: Natural objects (Capsicum annuum) and Gibson's "feelies". Experimental Brain Research, 222, 321-332. doi: 10.1007/s00221-012-3220-7

27) Norman, J. F., Holmin, J. S., Beers, A. M., Cheeseman, J. R., Ronning, C., Stethen, A. G., & Frost, A. L. (2012). Aging and the discrimination of 3-D shape from motion and binocular disparity. Attention, Perception, & Psychophysics, 74, 1512-1521. doi: 10.3758/s13414-012-0340-x

26) Norman, J. F., Beers, A. M., Holmin, J. S., & Boswell, A. M. (2010). Effective 3-D shape discrimination survives retinal blur. Attention, Perception, & Psychophysics, 72, 1569-1575. [pdf of this article] doi: 10.3758/APP.72.6.1569

25) Norman, J. F., Lee, Y., Phillips, F., Norman, H. F., Jennings, L. R., & McBride, T. R. (2009). The perception of 3-D shape from shadows cast onto curved surfaces. Acta Psychologica, 131, 1-11. doi:10.1016/j.actpsy.2009.01.007

24) Norman, J. F., Crabtree, C. E., Bartholomew, A. N., & Ferrell, E. L. (2009). Aging and the perception of slant from optical texture, motion parallax, and binocular disparity. Attention, Perception, & Psychophysics, 71, 116-130. [pdf of this article] doi: 10.3758/APP.71.1.116

23) Norman, J. F., Bartholomew, A. N., & Burton, C. L. (2008). Aging preserves the ability to perceive 3-D object shape from static but not deforming boundary contours. Acta Psychologica, 129, 198-207. doi:10.1016/j.actpsy.2008.06.002

22) Norman, J. F., Wiesemann, E. Y., Norman, H. F., Taylor, M. J., & Craft, W. D. (2007). The visual discrimination of bending. Perception, 36, 980-989. doi:10.1068/p5641

21) Norman, J. F., & Wiesemann, E. Y. (2007). Aging and the perception of local surface orientation from optical patterns of shading and specular highlights. Perception & Psychophysics, 69, 23-31. [pdf of this article] doi: 10.3758/BF03194450

20) Norman, J. F., Clayton, A. M., Shular, C. F., & Thompson, S. R. (2004). Aging and the Perception of Depth and 3-D Shape from Motion Parallax. Psychology and Aging, 19, 506-514. doi: 10.1037/0882-7974.19.3.506

19) Norman, J. F., Todd, J. T., & Orban, G. A. (2004). Perception of three-dimensional shape from specular highlights, deformations of shading, and other types of visual information. Psychological Science, 15, 565-570. doi: 10.1111/j.0956-7976.2004.00720.x

18) Peuskens, H., Claeys, K. G., Todd, J. T., Norman, J. F., Van Hecke, P, & Orban, G. A. (2004). Attention to 3-D shape, 3-D motion, and texture in 3-D structure from motion displays. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 16, 665-682. doi: 10.1162/089892904323057371

17) Todd, J. T., & Norman, J. F. (2003). The visual perception of 3-D shape from multiple cues: Are observers capable of perceiving metric structure? Perception & Psychophysics, 65, 31-47. doi: 10.3758/BF03194781

16) Norman, J. F., & Raines, S. R. (2002). The perception and discrimination of local 3-D surface structure from deforming and disparate boundary contours. Perception & Psychophysics, 64, 1145-1159. [pdf of this article] doi: 10.3758/BF03194763

15) Norman, J. F., Dawson, T. E., & Butler, A. K. (2000). The effects of age upon the perception of depth and 3-D shape from differential motion and binocular disparity. Perception, 29, 1335-1359. Posted by permission of Pion Limited, London. [pdf of this article] doi:10.1068/p3111

14) Norman, J. F., Dawson, T. E., & Raines, S. R. (2000). The perception and recognition of natural object shape from deforming and static shadows. Perception, 29, 135-148. Posted by permission of Pion Limited, London. [pdf of this article] doi:10.1068/p2994

13) Tittle, J. S., Perotti, V. J., & Norman, J. F. (1997). Integration of binocular stereopsis and structure from motion in the discrimination of noisy surfaces. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 23, 1035-1049. doi: 10.1037/0096-1523.23.4.1035

12) Norman, J. F., & Todd, J. T. (1996). The discriminability of local surface structure. Perception, 25, 381-398. doi:10.1068/p250381

11) Perotti, V. J., Todd, J. T., & Norman, J. F. (1996). The visual perception of rigid motion from constant flow fields. Perception & Psychophysics, 58, 666-679. doi: 10.3758/BF03213099

10) Koenderink, J. J., Kappers, A. M. L., Todd, J. T., Norman, J. F., & Phillips, F. (1996). Surface range and attitude probing in stereoscopically presented dynamic scenes. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 22, 869-878. doi: 10.1037/0096-1523.22.4.869

9) Norman, J. F., Todd, J. T., Perotti, V. J., & Tittle, J. S. (1996). The visual perception of three-dimensional length. Journal of Experimental Psychology : Human Perception and Performance, 22, 173-186. doi: 10.1037/0096-1523.22.1.173

8) Todd, J. T., & Norman, J. F. (1995). The visual discrimination of relative surface orientation. Perception, 24 , 855-866. doi:10.1068/p240855

7) Norman, J. F., & Todd, J. T. (1995). The perception of 3-D structure from contradictory optical patterns. Perception & Psychophysics, 57, 826-834. [pdf of this article] doi: 10.3758/BF03206798

6) Norman, J. F., Todd, J. T., & Phillips, F. (1995). The perception of surface orientation from multiple sources of optical information. Perception & Psychophysics, 57, 629-636. [pdf of this article] doi: 10.3758/BF03213268

5) Tittle, J. S., Todd, J. T., Perotti, V. J., & Norman, J. F. (1995). Systematic distortion of perceived three-dimensional structure from motion and binocular stereopsis. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 21, 663-678. doi: 10.1037/0096-1523.21.3.663

4) Norman, J. F., & Todd, J. T. (1994). Perception of rigid motion in depth from the optical deformations of shadows and occlusion boundaries. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 20, 343-356. doi: 10.1037/0096-1523.20.2.343

3) Norman, J. F., & Todd, J. T. (1993). The perceptual analysis of structure from motion for rotating objects undergoing affine stretching transformations. Perception & Psychophysics, 53, 279-291. [pdf of this article] doi: 10.3758/BF03205183

2) Norman, J. F., & Lappin, J. S. (1992). The detection of surface curvatures defined by optical motion. Perception & Psychophysics, 51, 386-396. [pdf of this article] doi: 10.3758/BF03211632

1) Todd, J. T., & Norman, J. F. (1991). The visual perception of smoothly curved surfaces from minimal apparent motion sequences. Perception & Psychophysics, 50, 509-523. doi: 10.3758/BF03207535

Shading & Specular Highlights (8)

8) Norman, J. F., Phillips, F., Holmin, J. S., Norman, H. F., Beers, A. M., Boswell, A. M., Cheeseman, J. R., Stethen, A. G., & Ronning, C. (2012). Solid shape discrimination from vision and haptics: Natural objects (Capsicum annuum) and Gibson's "feelies". Experimental Brain Research, 222, 321-332. doi: 10.1007/s00221-012-3220-7

7) Norman, J. F., & Wiesemann, E. Y. (2007). Aging and the perception of local surface orientation from optical patterns of shading and specular highlights. Perception & Psychophysics, 69, 23-31. doi: 10.3758/BF03194450

6) Norman, J. F., Todd, J. T., & Orban, G. A. (2004). Perception of three-dimensional shape from specular highlights, deformations of shading, and other types of visual information. Psychological Science, 15, 565-570. doi: 10.1111/j.0956-7976.2004.00720.x

5) Todd, J. T., Norman, J. F., & Mingolla, E. (2004). Lightness constancy in the presence of specular highlights. Psychological Science, 15, 33-39. doi: 10.1111/j.0963-7214.2004.01501006.x

4) Tittle, J. S., Norman, J. F., Perotti, V. J., & Phillips, F. (1998). The perception of scale-dependent and scale-independent surface structure from binocular disparity, texture, and shading. Perception, 27, 147-166. doi:10.1068/p270147

3) Todd, J. T., Norman, J. F., Koenderink, J. J., & Kappers, A. M. L. (1997). Effects of texture, illumination, and surface reflectance on stereoscopic shape perception. Perception, 26, 807-822. doi:10.1068/p260807

2) Koenderink, J. J., Kappers, A. M. L., Todd, J. T., Norman, J. F., & Phillips, F. (1996). Surface range and attitude probing in stereoscopically presented dynamic scenes. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 22, 869-878. doi: 10.1037/0096-1523.22.4.869

1) Norman, J. F., Todd, J. T., & Phillips, F. (1995). The perception of surface orientation from multiple sources of optical information. Perception & Psychophysics, 57, 629-636. [pdf of this article] doi: 10.3758/BF03213268

Stereopsis/Binocular Disparity (27)

27) Norman, J. F., Holmin, J. S., Beers, A. M., Cheeseman, J. R., Ronning, C., Stethen, A. G., & Frost, A. L. (2012). Aging and the discrimination of 3-D shape from motion and binocular disparity. Attention, Perception, & Psychophysics, 74, 1512-1521. doi: 10.3758/s13414-012-0340-x

26) Norman, J. F., Burton, C. L., & Best, L. A. (2010). Modulatory effects of binocular disparity and aging upon the perception of speed. Vision Research, 50, 65-71. doi: 10.1016/j.visres.2009.10.009

25) Norman, J. F. (2009). Stereogram. In The Cambridge Dictionary of Psychology (p. 519). New York: Cambridge University Press.

24) Norman, J. F., Swindle, J. M., Jennings, L. R., Mullins, E. M., & Beers, A. M. (2009). Stereoscopic shape discrimination is well preserved across changes in object size. Acta Psychologica, 131, 129-135. doi: 10.1016/j.actpsy.2009.03.009

23) Durand, J-B., Peeters, R., Norman, J. F., Todd, J. T., & Orban, G. A. (2009). Parietal regions processing visual 3D shape extracted from disparity. NeuroImage, 46, 1114-1126. doi: 10.1016/j.neuroimage.2009.03.023

22) Norman, J. F., Crabtree, C. E., Bartholomew, A. N., & Ferrell, E. L. (2009). Aging and the perception of slant from optical texture, motion parallax, and binocular disparity. Attention, Perception, & Psychophysics, 71, 116-130. doi: 10.3758/APP.71.1.116

21) Norman, J. F., Norman, H. F., Craft, A. E., Walton, C. L., Bartholomew, A. N., Burton, C. L., Wiesemann, E. Y., & Crabtree, C. E. (2008). Stereopsis and aging. Vision Research, 48, 2456-2465. doi: 10.1016/j.visres.2008.08.008

20) Durand, J-B., Nelissen, K., Joly, O., Wardak, C., Todd, J. T., Norman, J. F., Janssen, P., Vanduffel, W., & Orban, G. A. (2007). Anterior regions of monkey parietal cortex process visual 3D shape. Neuron, 55, 493-505. doi: 10.1016/j.neuron.2007.06.040

19) Norman, J. F., Crabtree, C. E., Herrmann, M., Thompson, S. R., Shular, C. F., & Clayton, A. M. (2006). Aging and the perception of 3-D shape from dynamic patterns of binocular disparity. Perception & Psychophysics, 68, 94-101. [pdf of this article] doi: 10.3758/BF03193659

18) Norman, J. F., Todd, J. T., Norman, H. F., Clayton, A. M., & McBride, T. R. (2006). Visual discrimination of local surface structure: Slant, tilt, and curvedness. Vision Research, 46, 1057-1069. doi: 10.1016/j.visres.2005.09.034

17) Norman, J. F., Todd, J. T., & Orban, G. A. (2004). Perception of three-dimensional shape from specular highlights, deformations of shading, and other types of visual information. Psychological Science, 15, 565-570. doi: 10.1111/j.0956-7976.2004.00720.x

16) Todd, J. T., & Norman, J. F. (2003). The visual perception of 3-D shape from multiple cues: Are observers capable of perceiving metric structure? Perception & Psychophysics, 65, 31-47. doi: 10.3758/BF03194781

15) Norman, J. F., & Raines, S. R. (2002). The perception and discrimination of local 3-D surface structure from deforming and disparate boundary contours. Perception & Psychophysics, 64, 1145-1159. [pdf of this article] doi: 10.3758/BF03194763

14) Norman, J. F., Dawson, T. E., & Butler, A. K. (2000). The effects of age upon the perception of depth and 3-D shape from differential motion and binocular disparity. Perception, 29, 1335-1359. Posted by permission of Pion Limited, London. [pdf of this article] doi: 10.1068/p3111

13) Todd, J. T., Chen, L., & Norman, J. F. (1998). On the relative salience of euclidean, affine, and topological structure for 3-D form discrimination. Perception, 27, 273-282. doi: 10.1068/p270273

12) Norman, J. F., & Todd, J. T. (1998). Stereoscopic discrimination of interval and ordinal depth relations on smooth surfaces and in empty space. Perception , 27, 257-272. doi: 10.1068/p270257

11) Tittle, J. S., Norman, J. F., Perotti, V. J., & Phillips, F. (1998). The perception of scale-dependent and scale-independent surface structure from binocular disparity, texture, and shading. Perception, 27, 147-166. doi: 10.1068/p270147

10) Todd, J. T., Norman, J. F., Koenderink, J. J., & Kappers, A. M. L. (1997). Effects of texture, illumination, and surface reflectance on stereoscopic shape perception. Perception, 26, 807-822. doi: 10.1068/p260807

9) Tittle, J. S., Perotti, V. J., & Norman, J. F. (1997). Integration of binocular stereopsis and structure from motion in the discrimination of noisy surfaces. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 23, 1035-1049. doi: 10.1037/0096-1523.23.4.1035

8) Norman, J. F., & Todd, J. T. (1996). The discriminability of local surface structure. Perception, 25, 381-398. doi: 10.1068/p250381

7) Koenderink, J. J., Kappers, A. M. L., Todd, J. T., Norman, J. F., & Phillips, F. (1996). Surface range and attitude probing in stereoscopically presented dynamic scenes. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 22, 869-878. doi: 10.1037/0096-1523.22.4.869

6) Norman, J. F., Todd, J. T., Perotti, V. J., & Tittle, J. S. (1996). The visual perception of three-dimensional length. Journal of Experimental Psychology : Human Perception and Performance, 22, 173-186. doi: 10.1037/0096-1523.22.1.173

5) Todd, J. T., & Norman, J. F. (1995). The visual discrimination of relative surface orientation. Perception, 24 , 855-866. doi: 10.1068/p240855

4) Norman, J. F., & Todd, J. T. (1995). The perception of 3-D structure from contradictory optical patterns. Perception & Psychophysics, 57, 826-834. [pdf of this article] doi: 10.3758/BF03206798

3) Norman, J. F., Todd, J. T., & Phillips, F. (1995). The perception of surface orientation from multiple sources of optical information. Perception & Psychophysics, 57, 629-636. [pdf of this article] doi: 10.3758/BF03213268

2) Tittle, J. S., Todd, J. T., Perotti, V. J., & Norman, J. F. (1995). Systematic distortion of perceived three-dimensional structure from motion and binocular stereopsis. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 21, 663-678. doi: 10.1037/0096-1523.21.3.663

1) Norman, J. F., Lappin, J. S., & Zucker, S. W. (1991). The discriminability of smooth stereoscopic surfaces. Perception, 20, 789-807. doi: 10.1068/p200789

Perception of Length/Distance/Spatial Relationships (8)

8) Norman, J. F., Cheeseman, J. R., Baxter, M. W., Thomason, K. E., Adkins, O. C., & Rogers, C. E. (2014). Aging and visual length discrimination: Sequential dependencies, biases, and the effects of multiple implicit standards. Vision Research, 98, 89-98. doi: 10.1016/j.visres.2014.03.011

7) Norman, J. F., Holmin, J. S., & Bartholomew, A. N. (2011). Visual memories for perceived length are well preserved in older adults. Vision Research, 51, 2057-2062. doi: 10.1016/j.visres.2011.07.022

6) Koenderink, J. J., Albertazzi, L., van Doorn, A. J., van Ee, R., van de Grind, W. A., Kappers, A. M. L., Lappin, J. S., Norman, J. F., Oomes, A. H. J., te Pas, S. P., Phillips, F., Pont, S. C., Richards, W. A., Todd, J. T., Verstraten, F. A. J., & de Vries, S. (2010). Does monocular visual space contain planes? Acta Psychologica, 134, 40-47. doi:10.1016/j.actpsy.2009.12.002

5) Norman, J. F., Crabtree, C. E., Clayton, A. M., & Norman, H. F. (2005). The perception of distances and spatial relationships in natural outdoor environments. Perception, 34, 1315-1324. Posted by permission of Pion Limited, London. [pdf of this article] doi:10.1068/p5304

4) Norman, J. F., Norman, H. F., Lee, Y., Stockton, D., & Lappin, J. S. (2004). The visual perception of length along intrinsically curved surfaces. Perception & Psychophysics, 66, 77-88. [pdf of this article] doi: 10.3758/BF03194863

3) Norman, J. F., Lappin, J. S., & Norman, H. F. (2000). The perception of length on curved and flat surfaces. Perception & Psychophysics, 62, 1133-1145. [pdf of this article] doi: 10.3758/BF03212118

2) Norman, J. F., & Todd, J. T. (1998). Stereoscopic discrimination of interval and ordinal depth relations on smooth surfaces and in empty space. Perception , 27, 257-272. doi: 10.1068/p270257

1) Norman, J. F.,  Todd, J. T., Perotti, V. J., & Tittle, J. S. (1996).  The visual perception of three-dimensional length. Journal of Experimental Psychology : Human Perception and Performance, 22, 173-186. doi: 10.1037/0096-1523.22.1.173

Perception of Rigidity/Nonrigidity (4)

4) Norman, J. F., Wiesemann, E. Y., Norman, H. F., Taylor, M. J., & Craft, W. D. (2007). The visual discrimination of bending. Perception, 36, 980-989. doi:10.1068/p5641

3) Perotti, V. J., Todd, J. T., & Norman, J. F. (1996). The visual perception of rigid motion from constant flow fields. Perception & Psychophysics, 58, 666-679. doi: 10.3758/BF03213099

2) Norman, J. F., & Todd, J. T. (1994).  Perception of rigid motion in depth from the optical deformations of shadows and occlusion boundaries.  Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 20, 343-356. doi: 10.1037/0096-1523.20.2.343

1) Norman, J. F., & Todd, J. T. (1993).  The perceptual analysis of structure from motion for rotating objects undergoing affine stretching transformations. Perception & Psychophysics, 53, 279-291. [pdf of this article] doi: 10.3758/BF03205183

Perception of Weight (2)

2) Holmin, J. S., & Norman, J. F. (2012). Aging and weight-ratio perception. PLOS ONE, 7(10): e47701, 1-5. [pdf of this article] doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0047701

1) Norman, J. F., Norman, H. F., Swindle, J. M., Jennings, L. R., & Bartholomew, A. N. (2009). Aging and the discrimination of object weight. Perception, 38, 1347-1354. doi:10.1068/p6367

Tactile Acuity (4)

4) Crabtree, C. E., & Norman, J. F. (2014). Short-term visual deprivation, tactile acuity, and haptic solid shape discrimination. PLOS ONE, 9(11): e112828. [pdf of this article] doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0112828

3) Norman, J. F., Kappers, A. M. L., Cheeseman, J. R., Ronning, C., Thomason, K. E., Baxter, M. W., Calloway, A. B., & Lamirande, D. N. (2013). Aging and curvature discrimination from static and dynamic touch. PLOS ONE, 8(7): e68577, 1-6. [pdf of this article] doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0068577

2) Norman, J. F., & Bartholomew, A. N. (2011). Blindness enhances tactile acuity and haptic 3-D shape discrimination. Attention, Perception, & Psychophysics, 73, 2323-2331. doi: 10.3758/s13414-011-0160-4

1) Norman, J. F., Kappers, A. M. L., Beers, A. M., Scott, A. K., Norman, H. F., & Koenderink, J. J. (2011). Aging and the haptic perception of 3D surface shape. Attention, Perception, & Psychophysics, 73, 908-918. [pdf of this article] doi: 10.3758/s13414-010-0053-y

Texture (1)

1) Norman, J. F., Crabtree, C. E., Bartholomew, A. N., & Ferrell, E. L. (2009). Aging and the perception of slant from optical texture, motion parallax, and binocular disparity. Attention, Perception, & Psychophysics, 71, 116-130. [pdf of this article] doi: 10.3758/APP.71.1.116

Theory/Reviews (4)

4) Lappin, J. S., Norman, J. F., & Phillips, F. (2011). Fechner, information, and shape perception. Attention, Perception, & Psychophysics, 73, 2353-2378. doi: 10.3758/s13414-011-0197-4

3) Norman, J. F. (2009). Stereogram. In The Cambridge Dictionary of Psychology (p. 519). New York: Cambridge University Press.

2) Todd, J. T., Tittle, J. S., & Norman, J. F. (1995). Distortions of three-dimensional space in the perceptual analysis of motion and stereo. Perception, 24, 75-86. doi: 10.1068/p240075

1) Norman, J. F., & Todd, J. T. (1992). The visual perception of 3-dimensional form. In G.A. Carpenter and S. Grossberg (Eds.). Neural networks for vision and image processing (pp. 93-110). Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. [pdf of this article]

Visually-Guided Reaching (1)

1) Lee, Y., Crabtree, C. E., Norman, J. F., & Bingham, G. P. (2008). Poor shape perception is the reason reaches-to-grasp are visually guided online. Perception & Psychophysics, 70, 1032-1046. doi: 10.3758/PP.70.6.1032

 

If interested, please follow these links to Perception and to Pion Ltd.

Note: documents in Portable Document Format (PDF) require Adobe Acrobat Reader 5.0 or higher to view,
download Adobe Acrobat Reader.

Note: documents in Excel format (XLS) require Microsoft Viewer,
download excel.

Note: documents in Word format (DOC) require Microsoft Viewer,
download word.

Note: documents in Powerpoint format (PPT) require Microsoft Viewer,
download powerpoint.

Note: documents in Quicktime Movie format [MOV] require Apple Quicktime,
download quicktime.

 
 Last Modified 11/15/14