We are providing you with this information about the Coronavirus to keep you better informed as to the nature of the virus, its symptoms associated with the virus, and the steps you can take to keep yourself safe.
What are Human Coronaviruses?
Coronaviruses are named for the crown-like spikes on their surface. They were first identified in the mid-1960s.
Common Human Coronaviruses usually cause mild to moderate upper-respiratory tract illnesses, like the common cold. Most people get infected with these viruses at some point in their lives. These illnesses usually only last for a short amount of time. Symptoms may include:
- runny nose
- sore throat
- a general feeling of being unwell
Human Coronaviruses can sometimes cause lower-respiratory tract illnesses, such as pneumonia or bronchitis. This is more common in people with cardiopulmonary disease, people with weakened immune systems, infants, and older adults.
1) Fever AND symptoms of lower respiratory illness (e.g., cough, shortness of breath) and in the last 14 days before symptom onset, History of travel from Wuhan City, China or
Close contact with a person who is under investigation for Human Coronaviruses while that person was ill.
2) Fever OR symptoms of lower respiratory illness (e.g., cough, shortness of breath) and in the last 14 days before symptom onset, Close contact with an ill laboratory-confirmed Human Coronavirus patient.
Your healthcare provider may order laboratory tests on respiratory specimens and serum (part of your blood) to detect human coronaviruses.If you are experiencing symptoms, you should tell your healthcare provider about any recent travel or contact with animals.
Human Coronaviruses most commonly spread from an infected person to others through:
- the air by coughing and sneezing
- close personal contact, such as touching or shaking hands
- touching an object or surface with the virus on it, then touching your mouth, nose, or eyes before washing your hands
- rarely, fecal contamination
Situation in U.S.
Imported cases of Human Coronavirus in people have been detected in the U.S. The CDC
is updating their website on a day-to-day basis. For further information please go
to the link provided. https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/index.html
How to protect yourself
There are currently no vaccines available to protect you against Human Coronavirus infection. You may be able to reduce your risk of infection by doing the following
- wash your hands often with soap and water for at least 20 seconds
- avoid touching your eyes, nose, or mouth with unwashed hands
- avoid close contact with people who are sick
How to protect others
If you have cold-like symptoms, you can help protect others by doing the following
- stay home while you are sick
- avoid close contact with others
- cover your mouth and nose with a tissue when you cough or sneeze, then throw the tissue in the trash and wash your hands
- clean and disinfect objects and surfaces
There are no specific treatments for illnesses caused by Human Coronaviruses. Most people with common Human Coronavirus illness will recover on their own. However, you can do some things to relieve your symptoms
- take pain and fever medications (Caution: do not give Aspirin to children)
- use a room humidifier or take a hot shower to help ease a sore throat and cough
If you are mildly sick, you should
- drink plenty of liquids
- stay home and rest
If you are concerned about your symptoms, you should see your healthcare provider or visit GGC@WKU (WKU Health Services). As with any other viral disease, certain groups of individuals are at higher risk of serious disease than others (including children, people 65 and older, pregnant women, and people with chronic illnesses). Please contact you healthcare provider if you belong to any of the high risk groups.
We encourage you to support students, faculty and staff who are sick to not attend class to help minimize the spread of illnesses. Please don’t hesitate to contact GGC@WKU for any questions/concerns that you may have.
For further information you may visit the Centers for Disease Control & Prevention (CDC) website:
Zaiba A. Moledina, MHA
Physician Practice Coordinator
WKU Health Services & Family Medicine (Main)
1681 Normal Drive
Bowling Green, KY 42101
Phone: 270-467-8880 Ext: 4529
Director of Campus Recreation and Wellness
Administrator, Student Health Insurance Plan
Western Kentucky University
Preston Health & Activities Center
1906 College Heights Blvd. #11097
Bowling Green, KY 42101-1097