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Recent Schulte Lab Publications

Sarah Goodyear, 2015. Habituation to Auditory Stimuli by Captive African Elephants (Loxodonta africana).

Charlotte Hacker, 2015.  Examination of Enrichment Using Space and Food for African Elephants (Loxodonta africana) at the San Diego Zoo Safari Park.

Chase LaDue, 2016. Chemical Signaling in Asian Elephants (Elephas maximus): Concentration Effects with Applications for Management and Conservation.

Wisniewska M, Freeman EW, Schulte BA. 2015. Behavioural patterns among female African savannah elephants: the role of age, lactational status, and sex of the nursing calf. Behaviour 152, 1719-1744. DOI:10.1163/1568539X-00003301.

Hoffmeier-Karimi RR, Schulte BA. 2015. Assessing perceived and documented crop damage in a Tanzanian village impacted by human-elephant conflict (HEC). Pachyderm 56, 51-60.

Schulte BA. 2015. Learning and applications of chemical signal in vertebrates for human-wildlife conflict mitigation. In: Chemical Signals in Vertebrates 13 (BA Schulte, TE Goodwin & MH Ferkin, eds), in press, Springer, New York.

Rasmussen LEL, Greenwood DR, Goodwin TE, Schulte BA. 2015. Asian elephant reflections: chirality counts. In: Chemical Signals in Vertebrates 13 (BA Schulte, TE Goodwin & MH Ferkin, eds), in press, Springer, New York.

Goodwin TE, Harelimana H, MacDonald LJ, Mark DB, Juru AU, Yin Q, Engman JA, Kopper RA, Lichti CF, Mackintosh SG, Shoemaker JD, Sutherland MV, Tackett AJ, Schulte BA. 2015. The role of bacteria in chemical signals of elephant musth: proximate causes and biochemical pathways. In: Chemical Signals in Vertebrates 13 (BA Schulte, TE Goodwin & MH Ferkin, eds), in press, Springer, New York.

York, C.A. & Schulte, B.A. 2014. The relationship of dominance, reproductive state and stress in female horses (Equus caballus). Behavioural Processes 107, 15-21.

Freeman, E.W., Meyer, J.M., Addendorf, J., Bird, J., Schulte, B.A. & Santymire, R.M. 2014. Impacts of environmental pressures on the reproductive physiology of subpopulations of black rhinoceros (Diceros bicornis bicornis) in Addo Elephant National Park, South Africa. Conservation Physiology, in press.

Freeman, E.W., Meyer, J.M., Addendorf, J., Schulte, B.A. & Santymire, R.M. 2014. Scraping behavior of black rhinoceros is related to age and fecal gonadal metabolite concentrations. Journal of Mammalogy, 95(2), in press.

Freeman, E.W., Meyer, J.M., Putman, S.B, Schulte, B.A. & Brown, J.L. 2013. Ovarian cycle activity varies with respect to age and social status in free-ranging elephants in Addo Elephant National Park, South Africa. Conservation Physiology, 1, 1-15.

http://conphys.oxfordjournals.org/content/1/1/cot025.full.pdf

Schulte, B.A., Bagley, K.R., Castelda, S., Loizi, H., Nasseri, N., Vyas, D.K. & Goodwin, T.E. 2013. From exploration to selective information gathering: the development of chemosensory investigation in male African elephants (Loxodonta africana). In: Chemical Signals in Vertebrates 12 (M. East & M. Dehnhard, eds), pp. 135-145, Springer, New York.

Goodwin, T.E., Broederdorf, L.J., Burkert, B.A., Hirwa, H.H., Mark, D.B., Waldrip, Z.J., Kopper, R.A., Sutherland, M.V. , Freeman, E.W., Hollister-Smith, J.A., and Schulte, B.A. 2012. Chemical signals of elephant musth: I. Temporal aspects of microorganism-mediated modifications. Journal of Chemical Ecology,38, 81-87(DOI 10.1007/s10886-011-0056-8).

Freeman, E.W., Meyer, J.M., Putman, S., Schulte, B.A. & Brown, J.L. 2011. Using a simplified field progestagen method to assess ovarian activity in female African elephants. Biological Conservation, 144, 2105–2111.

Castelda, S., Napora, E., Nasseri, N., Vyas, D. & Schulte, B.A. 2011. Diurnal co-occurrence of African elephants and other mammals at a Tanzanian waterhole. African Journal of Ecology, 49, 250-252. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2028.2010.01249.x

Nasseri, N.A., McBrayer, L.A. & Schulte, B.A. 2011. The impact of tree modification by African elephant (Loxodonta africana) on herpetofaunal species richness in northern Tanzania. African Journal of Ecology, 49, 133-140.DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2028.2010.01238.x

Note - Covered by BBC: http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/science-environment-11607299

Freeman, E.W., Schulte, B.A. & Brown, J.L. 2010. Using behavioral observations and keeper questionnaires to assess social relationships among captive female African elephants. Zoo Biology, 29, 140-153. 10.1002/zoo.20249.

Freeman, E.W., Schulte, B.A. & Brown, J.L. 2010. Investigating the impact of rank and ovarian activity on the social behavior of captive female African elephants. Zoo Biology, 29, 154-167. 10.1002/zoo.20235

Freeman, E.W., Abbondanza, F.N., Meyer, J.M., Schulte, B.A. & Brown, J.L. 2010. A simplified method for monitoring progestagens in African elephants under field conditions. Methods in Ecology and Evolution, 1, 86-91. doi: 10.1111/j.2041-210X.2009.00004.x

Riddle, H.S., Schulte, B.A., Desai, A.A. & van der Meer, L. 2010. Elephants – a conservation overview. Journal of Threatened Taxa, 2, 653-661.

Merte, C.E., Goodwin, T.E. & Schulte, B.A. 2010. Male and female developmental differences in chemosensory investigations by African elephants (Loxodonta africana) approaching waterholes. Behavioral Ecology & Sociobiology, 64, 401-408. DOI 10.1007/s00265-009-0856-9.

Merte, C.E., Gough, K.F. & Schulte, B.A. 2009. Investigation of a fresh African elephant carcass by conspecifics. Pachyderm, 45, 124-126.

Goodwin, T.E. & Schulte, B.A. 2009. Prospecting for mammalian chemical signals via solventless extraction techniques: an elephantine task. ChemoSense 11(2), 9-15.

Brzyski, J.R. & Schulte, B.A. 2009. Beaver (Castor canadensis) impacts on herbaceous and woody vegetation in southeastern Georgia. American Midland Naturalist, 162, 81-93.

Loizi, H., Goodwin, T.E., Rasmussen, L.E.L., Whitehouse, A.M. & Schulte, B.A. 2009. Sexual dimorphism in the performance of chemosensory investigatory behaviours by African elephants (Loxodonta africana). Behaviour, 146, 373-392.

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 Last Modified 2/12/17