Is Soy Healthy or Harmful?
|Author: Jenil Patel (Original Author: Lisa Collier Cool, Healthline, Yahoo! Health News)|
Date: Thursday, June 27th, 2013
Soy is one of the most common foods in the American diet
Walk down just about any aisle at the supermarket and you’ll see soy products. This ubiquitous food is in everything from breads and baby formulas.
The average American consumes 38 pounds of soybean oil a year, according to the Environmental Working Group (EWG). It contains 120 calories per tablespoon.
A cup of soybeans contains about 298 calories, and a glass of soymilk has around 132. Other soy products include tofu, tempeh and miso, as well as soymilk, and soy-based foods such as soy burgers and soy ice cream.
More than 90 percent of soy is genetically modified
A company has partnered up with DSM Nutritional Products with a new omega-3 soy product, SDA Omega-3 Soybeans, engineered to include stearidonic acid. For a healthy diet, it’s important to get a good ratio of omega-3 fatty acids (found primarily in fish and fish oil) to omega-6 fatty acids, found in many nuts and vegetable oils. Soybean oil is very high in omega-6 fatty acids.
The American Heart Association recommends regularly eating a variety of fish, as well as healthier oils like soy and safflower. In consultation with a physician, those with a history of cardiovascular disease or who need to lower their triglycerides may benefit from taking fish oil because it is rich in two types of omega-3 fatty acids called EPA and DHA.
Are new omega-3-enhanced GM soybeans a health food?
New product in market—created by inserting genes from a primrose and a red bread mold into soybeans—can help balance the ratio of omega-3s and omega-6s in soy by enriching it with omega-3s. However, although stearidonic acid can convert to EPA, it does not convert to DHA. And high levels of DHA improve learning ability, along with helping lower the risk of diseases such as hypertension, arthritis and some cancers.
EPA has health benefits of its own as well, such as helping to prevent heart disease. But this new product will not replace the need for DHA, which is easiest for the body to digest from fish and fish oil.
The Benefits of Soy
The Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics points out that soybeans are “a rich, unique source of high-quality, plant-based protein.” In addition to ALA, they are high in B vitamins and contain all nine essential amino acids, which aid in cell repair.
Soy critics have claimed that the plant can cause breast cancer, since it’s high in phytoestrogens that can stimulate the growth of breast cancer cells in the lab, but eating soy has not been shown to increase the risk of breast cancer.
In fact, research has shown that women who eat soy have a lower rate of breast cancer. In addition, an observational study tracking close to 75,000 Shanghai women showed that those who consumed more soy before being diagnosed with lung cancer lived longer when compared to those who consumed less soy.
However, the exact reasons for both studies aren’t entirely clear and there is no evidence that soy consumption directly prevents the disease.
Some additional research is promising, though more needs to be done. Researchers are investigating a soy-based treatment for colorectal cancer, which was presented at the American Association for Cancer Research’s annual meeting this year. And animal studies show that combining tomatoes with soy foods might be more effective in preventing prostate cancer, provided that they are eaten together.
Is Soy Harmful?
Despite the benefits, soy is not without its critics. Since most soy has been modified genetically, opponents of GM food are especially worried. It’s difficult to either accept or dismiss their concerns about the safety of GM soy due to the lack of long-term research.
Another common criticism of soy is that it contains pesticide residues. The USDA GIPSA laboratory tested 300 soybean samples, and found 13 different pesticide residues (representing 12 pesticides) on the samples. Slightly over 90 percent of soybeans tested had the herbicide glyphosate (Roundup). While no samples exceeded the level that the USDA considers safe, some researchers have questioned if consuming glyphosate residue may be harmful to people.
Soy contains phytic acid and trypsin inhibitors, which research shows have the potential to inhibit the absorption of nutrients such as iron. Choosing fermented soy products (such as miso or tempeh) neutralizes this effect.
The phytoestrogens in soy may lower fertility in men; a small study shows that men who eat as little as a half serving of soy have an average of 34 million fewer sperm per milliliter than men who do not eat soy.
Finally, soy contains genistein, which appears in studies to alter reproduction and embryonic development in mice.
The bottom line? Soy seems to have some limited benefits, and potential downsides as well. Further studies may reveal more details about soy in time. Until then, eating a balanced diet with a wide variety of whole, unprocessed foods such as lean meat, fish, fruits and vegetables, whole grains, nuts and seeds is always a safe bet.
Original Source and Full Article at: http://health.yahoo.net/experts/dayinhealth/soy-healthy-or-harmful
- All Categories
- Academic Outreach
- Continuing & Professional Development
- Distance Learning
- Summer Sessions
- Winter Term
- Career & Workforce Development
- Lifelong Learning
- Society for Lifelong Learning
- WKU On Demand
- Study Away
- Faculty-Led Study Abroad
- Center for Faculty Development
- Cohort Programs
- Dual Credit
- Conferencing & Catering
- All Categories
- March 2016 ICYMI
- CHHS October 2011 E-Newsletter
- CHHS November 2011 E-Newsletter
- CHHS December 2011 E-Newsletter
- CHHS January 2012 E-Newsletter
- CHHS February 2012 E-Newsletter
- CHHS March 2012 E-Newsletter
- CHHS April 2012 E-Newsletter
- CHHS May 2012 E-Newsletter
- CHHS June 2012 E-Newsletter
- CHHS July 2012 E-Newsletter
- CHHS August 2012 E-Newsletter
- CHHS September 2012 E-Newsletter
- CHHS October 2012 E-Newsletter
- April 2016 ICYMI
- CHHS November 2012 E-Newsletter
- CHHS December 2012 E-Newsletter
- CHHS January 2013 E-Newsletter
- CHHS February 2013 E-Newsletter
- CHHS March 2013 E-Newsletter
- CHHS April 2013 E-Newsletter
- JUNE 2016 ICYMI
- CHHS May/June 2013 E-Newsletter
- CHHS July 2013 E-Newsletter
- Archived CHHS News
- CHHS October 2013 E-Newsletter
- CHHS November 2013 E-Newsletter
- CHHS December 2013 E-Newsletter
- CHHS February 2014 E-Newsletter
- CHHS November 2014 E-Newsletter
- CHHS May 2014 E-Newsletter
- CHHS April 2014 E-Newsletter
- CHHS June 2014 E-Newsletter
- CHHS July 2014 E-Newsletter
- CHHS December 2014 E-Newsletter
- CHHS August 2014 E-Newsletter
- CHHS September 2014 E-Newsletter
- CHHS October 2014 E-Newsletter
- CHHS January 2015 E-Newsletter
- CHHS February 2015 E-Newsletter
- CHHS May 2015 E-Newsletter
- CHHS July 2015 E-Newsletter
- CHHS August 2015 E-Newsletter
- CHHS September 2015 E-Newsletter
- CHHS November 2015 E-Newsletter
- CHHS October 2015 E-Newsletter
- December 2015 ICYMI
- January 2016 ICYMI
- MAY 2016 ICYMI
- February 2016 ICYMI
- CHHS July 2016 E-Newsletter
- CHHS August 2016 E-Newsletter
- CHHS September 2011 E-Newsletter
- CHHS August 2011 E-Newsletter
- CHHS July 2011 E-Newsletter
- CHHS June 2011 E-Newsletter
- CHHS May 2011 E-Newsletter
WKU geology major Deborah Flynn, a senior from Bowling Green, traveled to Ethiopia this summer to collect data for an ongoing research project.
Note: documents in Portable Document Format (PDF) require Adobe Acrobat Reader 5.0 or higher to view,
download Adobe Acrobat Reader.
Note: documents in Excel format (XLS) require Microsoft Viewer,
Note: documents in Word format (DOC) require Microsoft Viewer,
Note: documents in Powerpoint format (PPT) require Microsoft Viewer,
Note: documents in Quicktime Movie format [MOV] require Apple Quicktime,