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Institute for Combustion Science




                                        Dr. Yan Cao

Professor of Chemistry

                          Western Kentucky University



  1. Xie, W.; Gao, Z.; Pan, W.P.; Hunter, D.; Singh, A.; Vaia, R.; "Thermal Degradation Chemistry of Alkyl Quaternary Ammonium Montmorillonite," Chem. Mater. 2001, 13, 2979-90. (617 Citings)
  2. Wei Xie, Rongcai Xie, Wei-Ping Pan, Doug Hunter, Bryan Koene, Loon-Sent Tan, and Richard Vaia, "Thermal Stability of Quaternary Phosphonium Modified Montmorillonite," Chem. Mater., 2002, 14, 4837-45. (203 Citings)
  3. Xie, W.; Gao, Z.; Liu, K.; Pan, W.P.; Vaia, R.; Hunter, D.; Singh, A.; Thermal Characterization of organically modified montmorillonite, Thermochim Acta, 2001, 367,339-50. (180 Citings)
  4. Cao, Y.; Pan, W.P.; "Investigation of Chemical Looping Combustion by Solid Fuels 1. Process Analysis", Energy Fuels, 2006, 20, 1836-1844; (136 Citings)
  5. Cao, Y.; Wang, Y.; Riley, J.T.; Pan, W.P.; "A novel biomass air gasification process for producing tar-free higher heating value fuel gas", Fuel Process. Technol., 2006, 87(4), 343-353; (133 Citings)
  6. Cao, Y.; Casenas, B.; Pan, W.P.; "Investigation of Chemical Looping Combustion by Solid Fuels 2. Redox Reaction Kinectics and Product Characterization with Coal, Biomass and Solid Waste as Solid Fuels and CuO as Oxygen Carrier", Energy Fuels, 2006, 20, 1845-1854; (111 Citings)



  1. Liu, Z.; Zhang, Y.; Zhong, L.; Orndroff, W.; Zhao, H.Y.; Cao, Y.; Zhang, K.; Pan, W.P.; "Synergistic effects of mineral matter on the combustion of coal blended with biomass," J. Therm. Anal. Calorim., 2013, 113, 489-496.
  2. Cheng, C.M.; Cao, Y.; Zhang, K.; Pan, W.P.; "Co-Effects of Sulfur Dioxide Load and Oxidation Air on Mercury Re-Emission in Forced-Oxidation Limestone Flue Gas Desulfurization Wet Scrubber". Fuel, 2013, 106, 505-511.
  3. Qiu, Y.B.; Liu, Y.; Min, F.F.; Cao, Y.; Qiu, T.; Zhang, M.X.; Pan, W.P.; " The enhanced saturation magnetization of nanocrystalline (NiO.5Zn0.5)1-xCoxFe2O4 ferrite," Adv. Mater. Res. (Switzerland) 2012, 415-417;
  4. Lineberry, Q.; Pan, W.P.; Simultaneous Techniques including Analysis of Gaseous Products, Char. Mater.," (Editor: Kaufmann, Elton, N), Second Edition, 2012, 517-530, John Wiley& Sons.
  5. Wu, C.L.; Cao, Y.; Li, H.X.; Pan, W.P.; "Study on mercury migration in a circulating fluidized bed combustion boiler", J. Fuel Chem. Technol., 2012, 40(10), 1276-1280;
  6. Zhao, H; Cao, Y.; Orndorff, W.; Cheng, Y.H.; Pan, W.P; "Thermal behavior of soy biodiesel,' J. Therm. Anal. Calorim., 2012, 109 (3),1145-1150;
  7. Raj Kishore Vakiti, Brady D. Garabato, Natalie P. Schieber, Melinda J. Rucks, Yan Cao, Cathleen Webb, Jeremy B Maddox, Aaron J. Celestian, Wei-Ping Pan, and Bangbo Yan, Crystal Growth & Design, 2012, Crystal Growth & Design, 2012, 12, 3937−3943;
  8. Cheng, C.M.; Chang, Y.N.; Sistan,i K.R.; Wang, Y.W.; Lu, W.C.; Lin, C.W.; Dong, J.H.; Hu, C.C.; Pan, W.P.; " Mercury Emission and Plant Uptake of Trace Elements during Early Stage of Soil Amendment Using Flue Gas Desulfurization Materials," J. of Air Waste Manage. Assoc., 2012, 62 (2), p139 .
  9. Yan, Bangbao; Hodsdon, Samantha A; Li, Yan-Fen; Carmichael, Christopher, Cao, Yan; Pan Wei-Ping,;" Synthesis, structure and properties of new hybrid solids containing ruthenium complexes and polyoxometalates;" J. of Solid State Chem., 2011, 184(12), p3179
  10. Wu S.H.; Hao, C.J.; Cao, Y.; Pan, W.P.; Shu, C.M.; "Thermal analysis and degradation identification of ash-based zeolite," Res. J. Chem. Environ., 2011, 15(2), p406-409.
  11. Chen Guoyan, Zhang Yanguo, Zhu Jiulong, Cao Yan, Pan Wei-Ping, "Coal and Biomass Partial Gasification and Soot Properties in an Atmospheric Fluidized Bed;" Energy Fuel, 2011, 25(5), 1964-69.
  12. Cao, Y.; Li B.; Zhao H.Y.; Lin C.W.; Sit, S.P.; Pan, W,P.; Investigation of asphalt (bitumen)-fuelled chemical looping combustion using durable copper-based oxygen carrier, Energy Procedia, 2011, (4), 457-464.
  13. Zhao, H.; Cao Y.; Lineberry Q.; Pan, W.P; "Evaluation of CO2 adsorption capacity of solid sorbents," J. Therm. Anal. Calorim., 2011, 106(1), 199-205.
  14. He, T.; Zhou Z.; Xu, Weibing, Cao, Y.; Shi, Z.; Pan W.P.; "Visible-light photocatalytic activity of semiconductor composites supported by electrospun fiber," Compos. Sci. Technol., 2010, 70, p1469-1475.
  15. Wu, C.L.; Cao,Y.; He C.C.; Dong, Z.B.; Pan, W.P. "Study of elemental mercury re-emission through a lab-scale simulated scrubber," Fuel 2010, 89, 2072
  16. Cao, Y.; Zhou, H.; Wu, J.; C.hen, C.W.; Pan, W.P. "Studies of the Fate of Sulfur Trioxide in Coal-Fired Utility Boilers Based on Modified Selected Condensation Methods," Environ. Sci. Technol. , 2010, 44(9), 3429
  17. Wu, Chengli; Cao, Yan; Dong, Zhongbing; Cheng, Chinmin; Li, Hanxu; Pan, Wei-Ping, "Evaluation of mercury speciation and removal through air pollution control devices of a 190 MW boiler." J. Environ. Sci., 2010, 22(2) 77-82
  18. Norris, P.; Chen, C.W.; Pan, W.P., "A technique for sequential leaching of coal and fly ash resulting in good recover of trace elements," Anal. Chim. Acta, 2010, 663(1), 39-42.
  19. Cheng, C.M.; Hack, P.; Chu, P.; Chang, Y.N.; Lin, T.Y.; Ko, C.S.; Chiang, P.H.; He, C.C.; Lai, Y.M.; Pan, W.P.; "Partitioning of Mercury, Arsenic, Selenium, Boron, and Chloride in a Full-Scale Coal Combustion Process Equipped with Selective Catalytic Reduction, Electrostatic Precipitation, and Flue Gas Desulfurization Systems," Energy Fuels, 2009, 23, 4805-4816.
  20. Cheng, C.M.; Chen, C.W.; Zhu, J.; Chen, C.W.; Kuo, Y.W.; Lin, T.H.; Wen, S.H.; Zeng, Y.S.; Liu, J.C.; Pan, W.P.; "Measurement of Vapor Phase Mercury Emissions at Coal-Fired Power Plants Using Regular and Speciating Sorbent Traps with In-Stack and Out-of-Stack Sampling Methods," Energy Fuels, 2009, 23, 4831-4839.
  21. Cao, Y.; Wang, Q.H.; Cheng, J.C.; Chan, C.C.; Cohron, M.; Pan, W.P.; "Enhancement of Mercury Capture by the Simultaneous Addition of Hydrogen Bromide (HBr) and Fly Ashes in a Slipstream Facility," Environ. Sci. Technol., 2009, 43, 2812-2817.
  22. Lineberry, Q; Cao, Y.; Lin, Y.; Ghose, S.; Connell, J.; Pan, W.P.; "Mercury Capture from Flue Gas Using Palladium Nanoparticle-Decorated Substrates as Injected Sorbent," Energy Fuels, 2009, 23, 1512-1517.




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 Last Modified 9/24/14