Institute for Combustion Science
Circulating Fluidized Bed Combustion System (CFBC)
The Combustion Laboratory at Western Kentucky University (WKU) has been awarded a two million dollar grant from the U.S. Department of Energy for their project "Establishment of an Environmental Control Technology Laboratory with a Circulating Fluidized Bed Combustion System." The grant was awarded in open competition throughout the U.S. under the Broad-based Agency Solicitation Program (Solicitation No. DE-PS26-02NT41613). This is the largest competitive grant ever received by Ogden College. The grant award was made through the Combustion Technology University Alliance (CTUA), a program at the National Energy Technology Laboratory in Pittsburgh. Approximately 20 universities (almost all PhD granting institutions) and 15 companies make up the CTUA. This applied research program was started to help coal-fired power plants deal with current problems of operation and help develop strategies to meet environmental requirements. Senator Mitch McConnell was instrumental in getting Congress to appropriate the funds to establish the CTUA.
The primary objective of this project is to establish an Environmental Control Technology Laboratory (ECTL) using a multifunctional circulating fluidized bed combustion (CFBC) system. The system can be easily configured to make combustion runs with various fuels under varying conditions to analyze and monitor air pollutant emissions, as requested by the lab’s industrial partners. The ECTL will help develop technologies that can be used to control emissions under multi-pollutant control legislation that is under consideration by Congress. The successful development of these technologies will provide scientific data on atmospheric pollutants resulting from combustion systems, and the methodologies required to reduce the emission of these pollutants across the United States. This grant award comes as a result of cooperative efforts between the Department of Chemistry and the Department of Architecture & Manufacturing Science through the Applied Research and Technology Program.
Other research projects, such as “Development of a Method for Measuring Carbon Balance in the Chemical Sequestration of CO2”, “Development for Clean Coal Technology-Horizontal Swirling Fluidized Bed Boiler”, “Application of a Circulating Fluidized Bed Process for the Chemical Looping Combustion of Solid Fuels” and “Maximizing Co-Benefits from Multi-Utilization of Chicken Waste” are also conducted in this laboratory.