Meningitis is an inflammation (swelling) of the protective membranes covering the brain and spinal cord. A bacterial or viral infection of the fluid surrounding the brain and spinal cord usually causes the swelling.
- Injuries, cancer, certain drugs, and other types of infections also can cause meningitis.
- There are 6 types of meningitis: bacterial, viral, fungal, parasitic, amebic, non-infectious.
- Meningitis is easily spread from person to person through close personal contact or food.
- Signs & Symptoms: nausea, vomiting, photophobia (sensitivity to light), and altered mental state, poor eating, fever, stiff neck.
- Having meningitis doesn’t always mean you have meningococcal disease. And having meningococcal disease doesn’t necessarily mean you have meningitis. Meningococcal disease is any illness caused by a type of bacteria called Neisseria meningitides.
- Meningitis affects more than 2.8 million people globally each year.
- Meningitis is the world’s 6th largest infectious killer.
- Often treated with antibiotics or steroids and can require hospitalization.