Western Kentucky University

Introduction - Teaching Study Skills to Students - FaCET

Teaching Study Skills to Students

Mary Beth Haydon, Coordinator for The Learning Center


Most students are capable of achievement at the collegiate level but not all come equipped with the appropriate skills or drive necessary for success (O’Phelan, Minatrea & Haydon, 2002). More and more freshmen are entering colleges with “A” averages from high school, but only 34% of fall 2003 college freshmen spent more than six hours a week studying during their senior year (Engle, 2004). Thus, many students may not realize the necessary skills for academic success. You can help students improve their study skills by teaching students how to take control of their own learning.

Metacognition is a construct that was introduced by Flavell in 1976. It describes what one understands about one’s own cognitive processes and outcomes (in Desoete, Roeyers, & Buysee, 2001). It is one’s own self-awareness. Students with high levels of meta-cognitive skills are more aware of the way they learn, their own strengths and weaknesses, and strategies that they need to take to ensure understanding of difficult concepts. Through teaching students to self-regulate their own learning and use those study skills which best suit their personal needs, you can produce better learners in and out of the classroom.


The Faculty Center for Excellence in Teaching
facet@wku.edu -- Phone (270) 745-6508 -- Fax (270) 745-6145.
Location: 1783 Chestnut Street, Bowling Green, KY 42101.
Mailing Address: 1906 College Heights Blvd #11095, Bowling Green, KY 42101-1095.
Page created date: october 21, 2002; Last modified: February 9, 2012.
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 Last Modified 7/19/13